Did you know that there are many different types of roofing materials available? But which one is right for your home not only depends on your aesthetic, but also on your location. We will explore some of the more popular roofing material types, and where you will most often find them.

Asphalt Shingles:

Asphalt shingles consist of an organic felt or fiberglass base, which is coated with asphalt and mineral granules. They come in “3-tab” (old style shingles), “architectural” (which are thicker and laminated), or architectural designer styles. These shingles are mid-weight and come in a wide variety of colors. They are economic, easy to install, offer insulation from the cold, and offer reliable waterproofing. Most importantly, they are flexible, which allows them to adapt to the roof’s movement, and support weight from snow, etc.

Asphalt roofs can last between 20 and 50+ years depending on the quality of the shingles. Many of Allstate Roofing & More, LLC’s asphalt shingles carry a 50-year warranty.

Asphalt shingles are popular in the Northeast and Midwest because of the insulation against the cold and the ability to support snow weight. They are also popular in the Northwest, where they hold up well in the wet weather.


Metal roofs consist of sheets or shingles. They are extremely light, reflect the sun, are fully fireproof, and resistant to wind and extreme temperatures. They also allow snow and rain to basically “slide” off. They are more complex to install, but last between 30-50+ years depending on the quality of the materials.

Metal roofs are becoming increasingly popular in the Northeast, Midwest, and Northwest due to their ability to stand up to rain and snow. They are also very popular in the Southeast—where they stand up to tropical storms and hurricanes, and remain unaffected by moisture.


Tile roofs are typically made of either clay or concrete. The clay is fired in a kiln, and has a reddish/orange look. It is very long lasting, but can get brittle over time. Concrete is a mixture of cement and sand. It is long lasting, but can break. Tile roofs are energy efficient and withstand high winds. They also reflect sun/heat and stand up to salt in the air. Tile roofs are very heavy, and require reinforcement of your home’s frame. They are a large investment initially, but can last 50+ years.

Tile roofs are most popular in the Southwest, where they easily reflect the sun and heat, and allow for air circulation through the tiles. They also withstand winds of up to 100+ MPH.


Slate roofs are made of natural slate rock. They are durable, wind resistant, and fire resistant—they also are the most effective at withstanding hail without maintaining damage. Slate roofs are extremely heavy, difficult to install, and require reinforcement of your home’s frame, however they last a very long time—75+ years (some lasting well over 100 years).

Slate is most popular in the Midwest—where extremely heavy snow and hail can wreak havoc on many types of roofs.

Wood Shingles:

Typically made out of cedar, these roofs can be aesthetically pleasing, but require maintenance. They are green friendly, can survive salty air, and can withstand heavy winds. Wood shingles typically last 15-25 years.

Wood shingles are the most popular in the Great Plains. The wood provides insulation, and air circulation in the attic.


Are you thinking of changing the look of your roof? Whether it’s exploring shingle colors, or roofing material types, we can help. Contact us anytime at 585-400-7663 or office@400roof.com.